Firdevsi’nin Şahname’sinde Geçen Şatranç Ve Nard Oyunları

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Poetical stories of Shahnameh (Persian: شاهنامه Shāh nāme, Šāh-nāma) include the ancient legends of Persian. Shahnameh is considered to be one of the greatest works of Persian literature. İt is consists of 60,000 couplets. This book was written at the end of the 10. century by Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi (940–1020). It has an epic narrative. In Shahnameh are told stories emerged of chess and backgammon games. According to Ferdowsi chess was invented for the first time at 630 in India’s Kanauj city. Ferdowsi, was the first person that documents had been taken from one country to another country game of chess. According to the story this game was sent to measure the intelligence and wisdom of the great Persian statemen. In return backgammon game was invented by Persian statemen and it was sent back to India. In this study, was focused on chess and nard (backgammon) games in Shahnameh considered among Iran's national epic. Chess and backgammon games has been tried to be as epic story after giving information about the author of Shahnameh Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi and his work.


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Ferdowsi, Shahnameh, Chess, Backgammon


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