The Approach of The Shi'i Exegetists to The Instances of 'Umar's Muwafaqat
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Knowing the occasions related to the revelation of the Qur'anic verses is one of the factors contributing to its correct understanding. Since the examples named as "Umar's Muwafaqat" (corcurrences of Umar's perception with certain divine revelatio) is related to the occasion of Qur'an's revelation, they also contribute to the understanding of the related verses. 'Umar's Muwafaqat instances refers here to the subject mentioned after his expression of "I agreed with my Lord in three things." His agreement with His Lord is that he delivered an anticipating opinion, appropriate to God's provision. This is considered to be of the great virtues of 'Umar and of the most important sections of his life. Some narrated reports of 'Umar's Muwafaqat shows that there were many occasions of agreement. Of these instances, the verses that come upon his request that Abraham's Maqam is taken as a place of prayer and the Prophet's wives to veil as well as his statement to the Prophet's wives that God will grant him better wives than them if they give trouble to the Prophet. There have been conducted a number of studies on the subject of 'Umar's Muwafaqat. However, these studies are generally framed by Sunni sources. This study focuses on the way in which the instances of "`Umar's Muwafaqat" included in the Sunni sources are discussed in the sources of Shi'a tafsir. Therefore, the study is the critique of the way that 'Umar's Muwafaqat is handled in Shia tafsir sources.