The Effect of N-acetylcysteine on Amylase, Electrolytes, Vitamins and Nitrosative Stress Levels in Rats Treated with Maras Powder
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CitationUNSAL V,KURUTAS E. B (2020). The Effect of N-acetylcysteine on Amylase, Electrolytes, Vitamins and Nitrosative Stress Levels in Rats Treated with Maras Powder. Eastern Journal of Medicine, 25(3), 378 - 382. Doi: 10.5505/ejm.2020.26680
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on amylase, electrolytes, vitamins and nitrosative stress levels in the plasma of rats treated with smokeless tobacco "maras powder". Our study consisted of three groups. Control (n = 10), the group using maras powder (n = 10), maras powder+ NAC group. To the Maras powder group, 200 mg maras powder was placed in the sublingual area under general anesthesia. It was waited for 15 minutes for Maras powder to be absorbed through mucosa. This procedure was repeated once a day and for 7 days. To the NAC group, 200 mg of Maras powder was given as in the Maras powder group and NAC was injected intraperitoneally with a dose of 100 mg / kg / day. On the 8th day, the levels of amylase, vitamins (A, C and E), electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl- ) and, as the biomarkers of nitrosative stress, nitric oxide (NO) and nitrotyrosine (3-NTx) in the plasma of all three groups were measured by the methods of ELISA. It was determined that amylase, 3-NTx, NO, electrolyte levels increased in the group using Maras powder compared to the control and NAC groups, but vitamin levels decreased. (p <0.05). It was detected that the levels of amylase, 3-NTx, NO, electrolyte in the group treated with NAC decreased compared to the group using Maras powder, whereas vitamin levels significantly increased and approached to the values of the control group. Smokeless tobacco 'Maras powder' increases nitrosative stress and distorts the levels of vitamin A, E, C and electrolyte in the plasma. NAC has a positive function in reducing the damage caused by Maras powder.
SourceEastern Journal of Medicine