Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Southeastern Anatolia Honey, Turkey
Neslihan Çakıcı, Serdar Mehmetoğlu, Hilal Atmaca, Tahsin Demir, Mukaddes Arıgül Apan, Ömer Faruk Atmaca and Fazıl Güney
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CitationGürbüz S, Çakıcı N, Mehmetoğlu S, Atmaca H, Demir T, Arıgül Apan M, Atmaca ÖF, Güney F. Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Southeastern Anatolia Honey, Turkey. Int J Anal Chem. 2020 Sep 1;2020:8810029. doi: 10.1155/2020/8810029. PMID: 32952558; PMCID: PMC7481920.
This study was performed to investigate the physicochemical quality characteristics of honey produced in Southeastern Anatolia of Turkey. A total of 68 honey samples collected from different beekeepers were analyzed for sugar components, moisture, pH, HMF, electrical conductivity, free acidity, proline values, and diastase number using the methods recommended by the International Honey Commission. The color value was determined by the Hanna HI 96785 color identification device using the Pfund scale. The mean values of fructose + glucose, fructose/glucose ratio, sucrose, and maltose were 70.97 ± 3.27%, 1.21 ± 0.15, 0.90 ± 1.35%, and 2.88 ± 1.42%, respectively. The moisture, pH, electrical conductivity, free acidity, diastase number, proline, and HMF values were 15.91 ± 1.05%, 4.10 ± 0.73, 0.21 ± 0.04 mS/cm, 14.94 ± 6.81 meq/kg, 10.68 ± 4.61, 420±, 174 mg/kg, and 18.5 ± 31.43 mg/kg, respectively. All of the samples met the international standards and legal limits set in Turkey for fructose + glucose, sucrose, moisture, electrical conductivity, and free acidity, whereas 20.58%, 25%, 10.29%, and 8.82% of the samples did not meet the standards and legal limits for the diastase number, proline value, HMF value, and fructose/glucose ratio, respectively. It has been considered to be important to raise awareness of the producer about good production practices and to ensure continuity of inspections for high-quality honey production.
SourceInternational Journal of Analytical Chemistry