Developed analytical expression for current harmonic distortion of the PV system’s inverter in relation to the solar irradiance and temperature
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This paper deals with modeling and simulation of the total harmonic distortion of the current (THDI) dispatched from the inverter and connected to nonlinear load. The change of THDI was examined in relation to the ambient temperature (T) and solar irradiance (G).The developed model is being used to extract parameters for a given THDI as a function of temperature and solar radiation. This study outlines the working principle of photovoltaic (PV) panel as well as PV array. Off-grid PV system is modeled by using Matlab/Simulink program, and detailed analytical study has been carried out in this work. The design, modeling and simulation of this study are performed from 50 up to 988 W/m2 for solar irradiance. Harmonic components have negative effects on the steady-voltage stability of the PV system. Therefore, analytical expression is needed for steady-state stability analysis in order to reduce negative effects. Hence, two analytical expressions of THDI were obtained by two new different methods which are statistical package for the social sciences program and genetic expression programming. Eventually, two different methods have been verified by the Matlab/Simulink program in order to find out THDI and demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed strategy. As a result of this study, it is observed that input current THDI of nonlinear load is too high at low irradiance. It is suggested that active harmonic filters should be used at low irradiance in order to produce better quality energy and avoid damages in the PV system.