Harmonics Mitigation of Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System Using LC Passive Filter
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CitationAdak, S. (2021). Harmonics Mitigation of Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System Using LC Passive Filter. In Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42835-021-00777-7
This article investigates modeling and simulation of the off-grid photovoltaic (PV) system, and elimination of harmonic components using an LC passive filter. Pulse width modulation (PWM) inverter is used to convert the direct current to alternating current. It is very important in terms of energy quality that the inverter output current total harmonic distortion (THDI) is below the value given by standards. Harmonic components have negatively effect on off-grid PV power system. THDI should be kept below a certain level in order to prevent damage to the equipment in the off-grid system and to ensure a higher quality energy flow to reduce the total harmonic distortion (THD) of the solar inverter output current; LC passive filter must be connected to the output of the PWM inverter. There are many types of passive filters for solar inverters. One of the most widely used filter types is the LC filter. LC filters are used in off-grid systems. LC filter is smaller in size and lower cost than other filters. But it is more complicated to determine the parameters of the LC filter. Therefore, in order for the system to remain in a steady state, the parameters must be accurately calculated and analyzed. In this study, the output power of the solar inverter, switching frequency, bus voltage etc. values were determined and LC filter parameters were calculated. Since high inductance values are used in LC filters, the voltage drop increases in these filters. To reduce the voltage drop, the DC bus voltage must be increased, which increases the switching losses. LC filter is connected between the inverter and the nonlinear load to filter the harmonic components produced by the DC/DC boost converter, DC/AC inverter and non-linear load. Matlab/Simulink program was used in Simulation and analysis of off-grid solar system. Solar inverter output current THD was measured as 91.55%. After the LC filter is connected to the system, this value has dropped to 2.62%.
SourceJournal of Electrical Engineering and Technology