Neoscytalidium dimidiatum: A newly identified postharvest pathogen of pears and its implications for pome fruits

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John Wiley and Sons Inc

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Türkiye is a prominent contributor to pear and diverse pome fruit production. Pear fruit with unusual brown to black spots and rot symptoms observed in public marketplaces in Mardin province have raised concerns regarding postharvest fruit health. The consistent isolation of a fungus from these fruits revealed morphological features indicative of Neoscytalidium dimidiatum. Phylogenetic confirmation of its identity ensued through BLASTn searches targeting, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of ribosomal DNA, the partial translation elongation factor 1-alpha gene (tef1), and the partial β-tubulin gene (tub2). Pathogenicity evaluations were conducted on common pome fruits, namely pears, apples, and quinces, unveiling the susceptibility of all examined fruits to postharvest infection by this emergent pathogen. Furthermore, an investigation was carried out to discern the pathogen's response to varying temperature ranges on pear fruits, revealing that the most pronounced lesions occurred at 30°C, followed by 25°C, 35°C, and 20°C. Conversely, no lesion development was observed at 10°C, 15°C, or 40°C. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first report of N. dimidiatum as the etiological agent responsible for postharvest rot in pear fruit. The implications of these findings highlight the potential threat posed by this pathogen to pome fruits postharvest, especially in regions where cold storage facilities are not widely utilized, warranting increased vigilance and preventive measures.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Aetiology, Botryosphaeriaceae, Cydonia oblonga, Malus domestica, postharvest rot, Pyrus communis


Journal of Phytopathology

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Derviş, S., Zholdoshbekova, S., Güney, İ. G., & Özer, G. (2024). Neoscytalidium dimidiatum: a newly identified postharvest pathogen of pears and its implications for pome fruits. Journal of Phytopathology, 172(3).